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how to draw a floor plan


From Habitat magazine - issue 24

Draw a scaled floor plan to help with your renovations and furniture placement.

Whether you're planning some minor renovations, rearranging the furniture or moving into a new house, a floor plan will help you make so many design decisions, and figure out where your furniture (or potential furniture) will go. Making a floor plan of a bathroom is, for example, hugely handy as the various fittings often have to be carefully placed.

Making a floor plan

You can easily create a floor plan without having a design degree and without any special computer software.

Step 1: Measure your rooms and transfer the measurements to a rough floor plan sketch. Remember to include the doors and windows.

Step 2: Make a scale drawing of the house on graph paper – you can buy this from a stationery store or print it out online. Traditionally, house plans use a 1 to 50 scale, so 20mm on paper equals one metre in real life. You can use 1:100 (10mm equals 1m) which will fit more comfortably onto an A3 sheet, and be easier to work out. Each bolder box on the graph paper will represent one metre. Count out the boxes according to your measurements and use the lines of the grid to draw your walls. The walls themselves are usually 100mm thick so make allowance for this on your plan.

Step 3: If the reason you're doing this exercise is for furniture placement or bathroom layout, measure your furniture or fittings and make scale drawings of them. If you're considering new furniture and fittings, find their measurements from the store's website.

Step 4: Make paper cut-outs of the furniture and fittings, then have fun trying them out in different configurations on your house plan.

Top tips

picture: Bryce Carleton


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