Congratulations on your decision to create a mural - you’re about to embark on a project guaranteed to brighten up other people’s days!
Murals are a creative way to add colour and pride into a community, beautifying an area for all to enjoy.
To help you create your mural, Resene has put together some tips and suggestions to get you started. If you have access to a professional muralist or artist make the most of their knowledge to make the job easier and get the best result.
Gather your team, allocate who is responsible for what and determine realistic deadlines for gathering materials and the mural painting. If you have a mural site in mind, a team visit would be a good idea. If not, one of the team’s first jobs can be looking for the site
Brainstorm with your mural team to come up with a range of potential themes for your mural and then vote on the preferred option. Then let all team members loose with pen and paper to sketch out their interpretation of the theme. You will then have a range of options to select from, or you may wish to combine a number of the designs together. Or run your own competition with the winner having the joy of seeing their mural painted.
Make sure the design is appropriate for the location - avoid words or images that may be offensive to others. Add details and logos to the mural so that others knows why it was created and who created it. Remember the mural will last a long time after you have finished.
Search the local community for potential mural sites, noting the advantages and disadvantages of each. Contact building owners to determine whether the site is available for the mural. Make sure you have a second or third location as a backup as the first option may not be available. In some communities, the council may be willing to help identify a suitable space for your mural.
The ideal exterior surface is highly visible to the community, easily accessible, sound for painting and well lit.
Be realistic when choosing a location - if children are involved in the mural painting it may be better to pick a location with a wider mural and lower height so that all parts of the mural can be comfortably reached.
If finding a site is difficult, you may decide to create a temporary moveable mural painted onto wood or canvas. Temporary murals can be displayed in different locations such as libraries and shopping malls before being installed in a permanent home, which may suit your plans better. As interior temporary murals are usually smaller, they are generally cheaper to create as they can be painted indoors and require fewer materials.
Write a list of the materials you are likely to need to complete the mural, such as paint, brushes, dropcloths etc and determine the cost of the items. Many of these items, such as paintbrushes and dropcloths, can be borrowed from family, friends and neighbours and then returned clean at the end of the project. You may also wish to check with neighbours and friends and see whether they have any leftover Resene paint they don’t need.
If you decide to hire a professional muralist or artist, ask them to provide a quote for the job as this is likely to be your largest cost. If you are using volunteers, make sure you have at least one adult per 10 children to assist with the organisation and painting.
Community groups and local businesses may be able to support the mural with fundraising, publicity, volunteers and even the mural location. Send a letter to appropriate businesses and community groups outlining your plans, how any assistance they give will be recognised and arrange to follow them up within a couple of weeks for their response. Make sure you promote the assistance they have given you either on the mural or via any publicity you receive.
Now you have the location, the team, the design and the materials, it’s time to start painting! Make sure you prepare the wall properly first so that your hard work looks good for as long as possible.
If your mural is being painted over old unpainted porous concrete, wash down the surface with Resene Paint Prep and Housewash and rinse clean with water. If moss and mould are present, use Resene Moss & Mould Killer. Allow to dry. Seal the surface using Resene Sureseal penetrating oil primer, then you’re ready to start painting.
If your mural is being painted over an already painted surface, wash down the surface with Resene Paint Prep and Housewash. If moss and mould are present, use Resene Moss & Mould Killer. Allow to dry. Check the surface is sound with no flaking or peeling. If it is, you can start applying topcoats over the existing paint.
Murals will generally last longest on a well prepared previously unpainted surface. If the surface you are planning to paint is unsound or not referred to, contact your local Resene ColorShop for recommendations.
Most muralists prefer to apply one coat of white Resene Lumbersider waterborne low sheen paint to the walls as a neutral background before they start adding the colour. However if you have a predominant mural colour of perhaps light blue, you may wish to apply a full coat of this, to save you having to recoat it in sections later. One coat of paint must be applied prior to transferring the design.
There are a number of ways to transfer your design from paper to the wall. Here are some popular options:
Resene recommend using Resene Lumbersider waterborne low sheen paint for all mural work as it is a self-priming finish available in a wide range of colours, including testpots.
If you are painting in the warmer months, try and start early in the day before the sun is too hot. This will help make the paint easier to work with and will reduce the time team members are exposed to the sun. Where possible try and shade the area being painted so that you can carry on painting without direct sunlight on your mural or your mural painters. If you find the paint is drying too fast, add Resene Hot Weather Additive. This is designed to slow down the dry time of Resene decorative paints.
Allow enough time at the end of each session to clean up materials. Make sure paint is stored correctly so it can be used again. Keep all the materials together and assign one person the responsibility of looking after them and making them available for the next painting day.
Consider donating any spare paint or materials left at the end of the job to a local school or use them to create other artworks. Alternatively, if stored properly they could be used for touch-ups if required later.
This system is based on the use of two containers in which brushes, roller sleeves and other equipment are first washed then rinsed. By rotating the containers the solids in the paint are separated from the liquid making it easier to dispose of each component, without polluting the environment.
This system will work well for both waterborne and solventborne (oil or alkyd) paints. For solventborne paints use mineral turpentine and any other paint solvent recommended by your local Resene ColorShop.
Follow these steps:
By morning the paint solids in the first container will have settled down to the bottom of the container. The clear water from this container may now be poured into a garden or any grassed or open area away from streams, rivers or lakes, where it can be absorbed into the ground.
Now to dispose of the paint solids at the bottom of the first container.
Scrape this out onto the absorbent material such as old rags, shredded newspapers or cardboard boxes. Allow to dry, then place in a plastic bag and dispose of with the household rubbish or take directly to the nearest council tip.
The second container now can be used as the first wash. Use this rotation system until the job is completed.
Never allow waste water or chemical solvents from washed paint equipment to enter household or storm water drains or sewers. The waste may find its way into natural waterways where it can reduce oxygen levels and threaten the survival of fish and other aquatic organisms.
If you’re working with solventborne paint, it’s a good idea to keep a container of ‘dirty turps’ on hand for cleaning purposes. Kept in the original container and in a safe place, you will be able to reuse the solvent time and time again. Remember not to shake it up as this will disturb the paint solids, which will have settled to the bottom of the container.
If paint is accidentally spilt, clean it up as best you can with a cloth or newspaper/media. Then treat with Resene Emulsifiable Solvent Cleaner and rinse with water. By treating the spilt paint with Resene Emulsifiable Solvent Cleaner before washing down you will save solvent and give yourself less work to do.
Have a party, invite guests or even just celebrate with your team - completing a mural is a major achievement so make sure you celebrate your success. Invite the local newspaper along to write a story about your project. Enjoy the praise you get - your team certainly deserves it.